Utilize Problem-Focused Coping Over Avoidant Coping
Research suggests that higher levels of problem-focused coping may buffer the effects of perceived racial discrimination on depressive symptoms, and higher levels of avoidant coping may worsen the effects(West, Donovan & Roemer, 2010).
Problem-focused coping strategies include:
Planning (“I make a plan of action”)
Active coping (“ I concentrate my efforts on doing something about it”)
Use of instrumental social support (“I try to get advice from someone about what to do”)
Suppression of competing activities (“I focus on dealing with this problem, and if necessary let other things slide a little”)
Avoidant coping strategies include:
Denial (“I refuse to believe that it has happened”)
Mental disengagement (“I daydream about things other than this”)
Behavioral disengagement (“I give up the attempt to get what I want”)
Question: Can you think of a specific situation where you can use problem-focused coping strategies?
West, L. M., Donovan, R. A., & Roemer, L. (2010). Coping With Racism: What Works and Doesn't Work for Black Women? Journal of Black Psychology, 36(3), 331-349.